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USAREUR Reg 600-400

(Source: USAREUR Regulation 600-400, 16 May 1991)
SUMMARY
This regulation:
  a. Outlines the Civilian Support (Civ Spt) concept.
  b. Prescribes the use of Civ Spt units.
  c. Outlines responsibilities and procedures for the supervision, administration, operation, and logistical support of Civ Spt units.
 
GENERAL
  a. USAREUR Civ Spt provides a mobile, noncombatant civilian work force capable of carrying out assigned peacetime missions independently in support of USAREUR commands. Under the Wartime Host Nation Support (WHNS) Agreement (15 April 1982), certain Civ Spt units provide the nucleus of German Army (Bundeswehr (BW)) units that continue to support the U.S. Forces in times of crisis or war. Command and staff responsibilities concerning the organization, use, management, personnel administration, training, and logistic support of USAREUR Civ Spt units are in USAREUR regulations in the 600-400 series and other related USAREUR publications.
  b. The Civ Spt organization is a component of the USAREUR civilian local national (LN) work force. The conditions for employment established in the Brentano-Trimble Agreement (11 April 1957) are applicable to the entire Civ Spt organization.
  c. Civ Spt units are subordinate to the U.S. commands (parent units or supervising units) to which they are assigned. Each Civ Spt unit is assigned a unit number and unit identification code (UIC). The organization, position structures, and authorized and required equipment of units are documented on DA-approved tables of distribution and allowances (TDAs).
  d. Civ Spt units perform their assigned missions or provide personnel for carrying out missions under the operational control of using U.S. commands. The established criteria and requirements for the organization and augmentation of TDA activities (for example, availability of manpower, monetary and equipment resources, stationing) apply equally to Civ Spt units. Additional important factors to be considered are the availability of dining facilities and housing for Civ Spt personnel.
 
PEACETIME USE OF CIV SPT UNITS
  a. The Civ Spt unit missions are:
 
  (1) Administration and operational control of subordinate Civ Spt units.
  (2) Ammunition storage.
  (3) Engineer bridging.
  (4) Engineer construction.
  (5) Liaison.
  (6) Maintenance.
  (7) Supply.
  (8) Physical security.
  (9) Signal construction.
  (10) Smoke generation.
  (11) Transportation.
  (12) Logistics and training.
  b. Restrictions on the use of Civ Spt units are listed in (1) and (2) below.
 
  (1) Civ Spt units, or any part of a Civ Spt unit, normally will be used only for duties compatible with missions identified in authorization documents. Temporary use for duties other than those described in authorization documents may be authorized in exceptional cases if the duties assigned are reasonable. Written requests for temporary use in exceptional cases will be sent through command channels to the Commander, USAREUR Civilian Support Agency, ATTN: AEUTM-P, APO 09102-0156.
  (2) Civ Spt employees will be assigned only to duties compatible with their individual employment contracts.
  c. Use of Civ Spt units for physical security tasks is primarily for the protection of U.S. Army installations and storage areas. When determining the type of security force to be used (for example, Civ Spt units, LN employees, contract guards), the commander should analyze the relative reliability, mobility, cost effectiveness, capability, and legal authority to act under emergency conditions of each of the categories. Findings should be documented to support the selection. Civ Spt units will not be used for guarding:
 
  (1) U.S. military police detention facilities.
  (2) U.S. courts and boards.
  (3) Classified areas and facilities, with the exception that Civ Spt guards who are properly cleared may guard M1 tanks and Abrams ammunition.
  d. Civ Spt units may be relocated within Germany on a permanent change of station (PCS) move after approval of the Commander in Chief, USAREUR. Authority to approve temporary movement of Civ Spt units is delegated to commanders of USAREUR major, separate major, and assigned commands (USAREUR Rep 10-5). The 6941st Guard Battalion and assigned units will not be moved outside Berlin. The temporary employment of Civ Spt employees outside Germany is subject to approval as in paragraph 9 (Employment Outside German; not included here). Inquiries should be submitted in writing to the Commander, USAREUR Civilian Support Agency, ATTN: AEUTM-P, APO 09102-0156.
  e. Although Civ Spt employees are organized in units and wear uniform work clothing (UWC), they are civilians and do not have military ranks. Military ranks and titles will not be used, orally or in writing, in reference to Civ Spt employees. They should be addressed as "Mr." or "Herr," "Mrs." or "Frau," "Miss" or "Fraeulein." Civ Spt personnel will wear only UWC or other military accoutrements authorized in USAREUR regulations.
  f. Civ Spt employees will not take part in routine U.S. Army readiness exercises unless they are connected with maneuvers or similar military exercises defined in USAREUR Pamphlet 690-60, appendix R-X, and are approved by the Commander, USAREUR Civilian Support Agency (UCSA). Written requests for approval will include a detailed justification and be sent through command channels to the Commander, USAREUR Civilian Support Agency, ATTN: AEUTM-M, APO 09102-0156.
  g. Civ Spt liaison detachments, centers, and groups are authorized to use U.S. Army postal facilities for official mail. When courier service is available, it will be used as much as possible. Civ Spt official correspondence will be prepared according to AR 25-50. Civ Spt units will not use the DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY line in the letterhead.
 
WARTIME USE OF CIV SPT PERSONNEL
  a. Wartime use of Civ Spt personnel has been clarified as part of the WHNS Agreement and related implementing agreements. None of these agreements alters the peacetime status of Civ Spt units or personnel.
  b. Under international agreements (a above), Civ Spt units disband in case of crisis or war. To determine the status of Civ Spt units when they are disbanded, USAREUR has divided them into three categories:
 
  (1) Category A. Category (Cat) A units will transfer their BW eligible personnel and WHNS-committed (OM07) equipment to BW WHNS units, which will mobilize and assume the former missions of the Civ Spt Cat A units.
  (2) Category B. Cat B unit personnel occupying emergency essential civilian (EEC) positions documented on a U.S. parent unit mobilization TDA and properly identified on the Civ Spt unit's TDA will convert to emergency essential local national (EELN) personnel. They will continue to perform their mission as civilian augmentees to U.S. unit mobilization requirements.
  (3) Category C. Cat C unit personnel have no wartime mission after disbandment. Eligible Cat C personnel may be used to fill EELN positions or may be assigned to WHNS BW STAN positions during mobilization.
  c. Military training for Civ Spt Cat A unit personnel is a BW responsibility. Training will be conducted by calling up employees for participation in individual BW reserve training and WHNS unit training exercises. Wartime training for EECs in Civ Spt Cat B and C units will be the same as for other EELN personnel.

 
GLOSSARY
 
Civilian Support organization
A generic term indicating the entire Civilian Support (Civ Spt) structure, including all employees. The Civ Spt organization does not have a single commander providing command and control over all Civ Spt units.
 
Civilian Support units
  a. Mobile organizations of German and non-German national civilians (excl U.S. citizens) employed in Germany by the U.S. Forces under the references in paragraphs 2a through d and h (not included here). Civilian Support (Civ Spt) units carry out one or more of the missions in paragraph 5a under the operational control of a U.S. commander. The three types of Civ Spt units are:
 
  (1) Civilian Support Center (CSC). A Civ Spt unit that exercises administrative and operational supervision over assigned Civ Spt groups.
  (2) Civilian Support Group (CSG). A Civ Spt unit with its own administration and mission, exercising control over sections, detachments, and mission accomplishment, or administering assigned personnel integrated into other U.S. Army agencies.
  (3) Civilian Support Liaison Detachment (Civ Spt Ln Det). A detachment of Civ Spt personnel whose mission is to:
 
  (a) Provide liaison between Civ Spt units and USAREUR commands.
  (b) Assist and advise USAREUR commands on Civ Spt matters.
  b. The 6941st Guard Battalion and its assigned units are mobile organizations primarily composed of German national civilians employed in Berlin by U.S. Forces. Although these units are not designated Civ Spt units, they are similar to Civ Spt units. The provisions of USAREUR directives in the 600-400 series apply to these units to the extent that the regulations have been adopted by the Commander, Berlin Brigade, and do not conflict with local laws, tariff agreements, or directives of the Allied Kommandatura.
 
USAREUR Civilian Support Agency (UCSA)
A USAREUR-assigned unit (USAREUR Reg 10-5) under the general staff supervision of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Personnel, USAREUR.
  a. The UCSA provides policy development, program objectives and direction, and staff supervision in the following areas:
 
  (1) Personnel management, including:
 
  (a) Recruitment, placement, and promotion.
  (b) Training.
  (c) Awards.
  (d) Classification and compensation management.
  (e) Employee relations.
  (f) Leave and absence control.
  (2) Logistic support.
  (3) Plans.
  (4) General administration and personnel administration.
  b. The UCSA carries out Civilian Support (Civ Spt) training, classification, and compensation management programs and operates a supply support activity for Civ Spt uniform work clothing and individual equipment.